# Practice on Toph

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Participate in exhilarating programming contests, solve unique algorithm and data structure challenges and be a part of an awesome community.

Limits
2s, 512 MB

You are given an array A of N integers A1, A2, A3, ..., AN . If we select two indices (1 ≤ i ≤ j ≤ N) from the array then there are (j-i+1) subarrays in total which starts in any index between i (inclusive) and j (inclusive) and ends in the last index of the array that is N.

Now you are given Q queries. In each query there are 2 integers.

For each query you have to answer the following question: What is the position of the smallest subarray which starts in any position between a (inclusive) and b (inclusive) and ends in the last index of the of the array N.

N.B: An array of m integers F1, F2, F3, ..., Fm is smaller than another array of n integers S1, S2, S3, ..., Sn if and only if there exists an index i such that i <= m and i ≤ n and F1 = S1, F2 = S2, F3 = S3, ..., Fi-1 = Si-1 and Fi < Si or F1 = S1, F2 = S2, F3 = S3, ..., Fm = Sm and m < n.

The first line contains the number of testcases **T** (1 ≤ T ≤10).

Then in every test case the first line contains two space separated integers **N** (1 ≤ N ≤ 50000) and **Q** (1 ≤ Q ≤ 10^{5}). The next line contains N integers the value of **A1**, **A2**, **A3**, ..., **An** (1 ≤ Ai ≤ 10^{9}). Then Q lines follow. Each line contains 2 space separated integers **a** and **b** (1 ≤ a ≤ b ≤ N) the value of which have been described in the statement.

For each case print the case number in the format “Case X:” where ‘X’ should be replaced with case number and the output of each query in each new line. Check the sample I/O for better understanding.

Input | Output |
---|---|

2 6 3 5 8 3 2 5 1 1 6 1 5 3 5 4 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 2 4 | Case 1: 6 4 4 Case 2: 1 4 |

This problem was authored for Inter Department Programming Contest 2016 at Jahangirnagar University and is being hosted on Toph per author's request.

73% Solution Ratio

Bishal_GEarliest,

Uniquepro.Fastest, 0.2s

OptimusV2Lightest, 2.0 MB

mahdi.hasnatShortest, 1562B

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